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Investments, investment management, investment project

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The classification of investment projects
Section:   eng » Investment project  
The classification of investment projects  There are four main factors (classification attribute), that define each particular project:

1) scale (size) of the project;

2) implementation period;

3) quality;

4) resource limitations.

Types of uncertainty
Section:   eng » Risk analysis  
Types of uncertainty  To distinguish between three types of uncertainty:


1. Lack of information. Ignorance of everything that may affect the organization's activities.


2. Accident. In any event, the forecast can be deviations from some random external influences: it is a denial of the equipment, and the disruption in the logistics of the production process, and much more.


3. Uncertainty response. For the firm mostly unpredictable behavior of competitors and customers of products, as well as mezhkollektivnye disorder.


Risk analysis of investment projects is the probability of occurrence of adverse events, namely the probability of loss of investment capital (part of the capital) or incomplete receipt of anticipated income of the investment project.

The concept of time value of money
Section:   eng » Methods of assessing the effectiveness of investme  
The concept of time value of money  The concept of time value of money based on the following basic principle:


"The dollar is now worth more than the dollar, which will be obtained in the future, eg one year, as it can be invested and this will bring additional revenue."


This principle is the most important position in the whole theory of finance and investment analysis. Based on this approach to assessing the economic efficiency of investment projects.

The classification of investment portfolios
Section:   eng » Investment portfolio and its methods of management  
The classification of investment portfolios  Investment portfolios are of different kinds. The criterion for their classification can serve as a source of income from the securities forming the portfolio, and risk.


Typically, securities generate income in two ways:

• due to the growth of their market value;

• due to additional income (in the form of dividends on shares or coupon bonds).


If the main source of income on securities portfolio is the growth of their market value, these portfolios are usually referred to portfolio growth. These portfolios can be divided into the following types:

Advantages in attracting foreign investment
Section:   eng » Foreign investment  
Advantages in attracting foreign investment  There are several advantages to attract foreign investment:


1) the possibility of obtaining additional financing of large investment projects;

2) the transfer of experience accumulated by investor country in the world market;

3) stimulation of development and growth of domestic investment;

4) access to the latest technologies and methods of production;

5) assistance in resolving the financial difficulties of the country.

Methods of financing investment projects
Section:   eng » Financing of investments  
Methods of financing investment projects  Methods of financing investment - is financing the investment process by attracting investment resources.
Investment management of financial assets
Section:   eng » Investment Management  
Investment management of financial assets  Investment management of financial assets represents a system of management of financial assets to produce income (profit).


Investment management includes the tactics and strategy for investment management funds. It is based on targeted work to reduce risks and increase profitability of financial investments.


Financial investment is a relatively new phenomenon in the domestic economy. As in Soviet times was not functioning financial market, as such, was not the important part - of the securities market, then there was no possibility of investing in financial instruments, primarily in the securities.

Fundamentals of Investment Analysis
Section:   eng » Fundamentals of Investment Analysis  
Fundamentals of Investment Analysis  Critical moments in the process of evaluating the investment project are:


- Forecasting sales volumes, taking into account the possible demand for the products (since most of the projects associated with the additional output);

- Evaluation of cash flow on an annual basis;

- Assessment of the availability of required financing;

- Evaluation of acceptable values of the cost of capital.

The essence of investment
Section:   eng » The essence of investment  
The essence of investment  Investment - capital investment is subject to anything to increase their income later.


Necessary element of the process is the replacement of worn-out assets with new ones. However, increased production can only be done at the expense of new investments aimed not only to create new production capacity, but also on the improvement of old equipment or technology. That is what makes economic sense investment.

Investment risk
Section:   eng » Risk analysis  
Investment risk  Determining the level of risk is an important step in investment analysis. Risk in the market economy is accompanied by any management decision. This applies especially to investment decisions, the implications of which affect the activity of the company over a long period of time.
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